This report sets out our annual offer to children with Special Educational Needs and/or Disability (SEN/D). To be effective it needs the views of all parents/carers, learners, governors and members of staff - so please engage with our annual process to 'assess, plan, do, and review provision for SEN/D and contact any of the people below with your views:-
In 2013 the Children's and Families Bill became law and has reformed the systems for adoption, looked after children, family justice and special educational needs. Within the bill the Government has transformed the system for children and young people with SEN, including those who are disabled, so that services consistently support the best outcomes for them. The Special Educational Needs Code of Practice 2014 extends the SEN system from birth to 25, giving children and young people and their parents' greater control and choice in decisions and ensuring needs are properly met. There is also statutory guidance for supporting pupils at school with medical conditions (please refer to our medical policy). This following report aims to demonstrate how we meet the needs of our children at Garlinge Primary School and Nursery in compliance with statutory guidance.
Garlinge Primary School and Nursery is an inclusive school and we aim to ensure that all pupils, including those with special educational needs and/or disability (SEN/D) have their needs met. Garlinge Primary School and Nursery values the abilities and achievements of all its pupils and is committed to providing for each pupil the best possible environment for learning in which they can reach their full potential academically, personally and socially no matter what special need is experienced.
The school's special educational needs and disability provision and report comply with the statutory requirement laid out in the SEND Code of Practice 0-25 (2014) and is written with reference to the following guidance and documents:
The Special Educational Needs Code of Practice 2014 defines Special Educational Needs as:
xiii. A child or young person has SEN if they have a learning difficulty or disability which calls for special educational provision to be made for him or her.
xiv. A child of compulsory school age or a young person who has a learning difficulty or disability if he or she:
At Garlinge Primary School and Nursery we make provision for children with Special Educational Needs and/or Disability within each of the four categories defined in the 2014 SEND Code of Practice (para 6.27 - 6.35):
Children with SEN/D may need extra help due to a range of different needs. The purpose of identifying the area of need/s of the child is not to fit them into a category but rather to consider the child's needs as a whole and helps ensure that the school can plan adequate provision. The categories of need are described as follows:
Children with speech, language and communication needs may have difficulty making sense of language or in communicating their needs and wants to others. Some children may need support developing fluency or forming sounds, words and sentences. They may also have difficulties in social situations as they do not understand the social rules of communication. These needs can change over time and may have difficulty with one, some or all of the different aspects of speech, language and social communication.
Learning difficulties cover a wide range of needs, including moderate learning difficulties (MLD) and severe learning difficulties (SLD), where children are likely to need support in some, or all areas of the curriculum and may have associated difficulties with mobility and communication. When children have profound and multiple learning difficulties (PMLD), they are likely to have severe and complex learning difficulties as well as a physical disability and sensory impairment. A child can also have a specific learning difficulty (SpLD) which may affect one area of their learning and encompasses a range of conditions, such as dyscalculia, dyslexia and dyspraxia.
Social, emotional and mental health needs can manifest in many different ways and can look different for all children. They could find managing their relationships with other people difficult, and may display behaviour that can hinder theirs and other's learning that can negatively impact on their health, well-being and their quality of life. Some children may have disorders such as Attention, Deficit Disorder (ADD), Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), or attachment disorder.
Children may have a visual or hearing impairment or have a physical need for which they require additional ongoing support and equipment to ensure that lessons and learning opportunities are accessible. Garlinge Primary School and Nursery is a Specialist Resourced Provision for children with a physical impairment for up to 7 children.
In some instances, children may have SEN/D that falls into one or more of the above categories.
If you think that your child has a special educational need please discuss this with the class teacher and/or the SENCO.
Every pupil in the school has their progress tracked six times a year and this is discussed in meetings three times a year in pupil progress meetings with senior leadership and the additional educational needs coordinator. These seek to identify pupils making less than expected progress given their age and individual circumstances.
The SEND Code of Practice (2014, 6.17) describes a child as making less than expected progress as:
For those children identified as making less than expected progress the class teacher will arrange a meeting with parents/carers to discuss the child's progress and put in place extra provision to support the child's needs, targets will be set and reviewed to see if the extra provision has made an impact. If the child does not make the progress expected, despite high quality inclusive teaching and targeted teaching focussing on areas of difficulty, further assessments will be used to determine the cause of the learning difficulty and appropriate provision will be determined. This will all be done in consultation with the parents/carers.
The school cannot offer diagnoses - however, the school can make referrals to outside agencies - but this will need parental or carers consent. For higher levels of need the school is able to draw on more specialised assessments from external agencies and professionals, such as Educational Psychologist, Speech and Language Therapist, paediatrician or other suitably qualified health professional.
Garlinge Primary School and Nursery take all parental concerns about their child seriously and investigate them appropriately. These concerns will be recorded and compared to the schools own assessment and information on how their child is developing. Generally the concern can be addressed in partnership with the parents and through quality first inclusive teaching and no further action is required. Otherwise, that child is placed on the SEN/D register and may require support that is additional to and above what the school usually provides. Sometimes funding is sought via High Needs Funding if the support necessary exceeds the £6000.00 commitment required by the school.
We offer three waves of intervention:
Wave 1 - High Quality Teaching
Wave 2 - Additional provision to enable your child to work at age related expectations.
Wave 3 - Specialist and more intense provision for children identified as having SEN/D.
A small number of children may require an Educational Health Care Plan (EHCP) to ensure that their individual needs can be fully met or may require specialist support and/or placement if their needs cannot be met through high needs funding in mainstream education. If the process to gain an EHCP has been accepted by the Local Educational Authority and a statutory assessment has been agreed, the school will fully support parents in this process and in meeting the statutory requirements set out in the EHCP. (For more information please go to www.kelsi.org.uk.
(Please refer to Process for Identifying and Supporting SEN/D at Garlinge Primary School and Nursery, Appendix 1)
The school follows the Graduated Approach to SEN/D support. If a child is placed on the SEN/D register the school will take action to remove barriers to learning and put effective SEN/D provision in place. A personalised plan or a provision plan to target support will be put in place and this will follow a four part cycle; Assess, Plan, Do and Review.
The assessment process requires parents, the school and the child to work in partnership to set outcomes for the child to work towards in school and at home. This is set out in the SEN/D Code of Practice 2014:
"This information gathering should include an early discussion with the pupil and their parents. These early discussions should be structured in such a way that they develop a good understanding of the pupil's areas of strengths and difficulty, the parents' concerns, the agreed outcomes sought for the child and the next steps. A short note of these early discussions should be added to the pupil's record on the school information system and given to the parents. Schools should also tell parents and young people about the local authority's information, advice and support service" (SEND Code of Practice 0-25 years, p.99 para 6.38).
It may also be necessary at this stage to involve services from outside agencies from health and social care, if they are not already supporting the child, to help in the assessment process.
The class teacher, SENCO and/or Inclusion leader will work in partnership with parents, the child and outside agencies (if appropriate) to agree adjustments, interventions and support to be put in place as well as the expected impact on progress, behaviour or development and this information will be put onto a personalised/provision plan. A review date will be decided. The support should be well suited to meet the child's needs and delivered by appropriately trained and skilled members of staff. This is clearly set out in the SEN/D Code of Practice 2014:
"The class or subject teacher should remain responsible for the working with the child on a daily basis. Where the interventions involve group or one-to-one teaching away from the main class or subject teacher, they should still retain responsibility for the pupil. They should work closely with any teaching assistants or specialist staff involved, to plan and assess the impact of support and interventions and how they can be linked to classroom teaching. The SENCO should support the class or subject teacher in the further assessment of the child's particular strengths and weaknesses, in problem solving and advising on the effective implementation of support" (SEND Code of Practice 0-25 years, p.101, para 6.52).
The class teacher is responsible for the progress of all children in their class including overseeing the support and interventions that are given to the child even if these are away from the main class. They will work closely with support staff and other professionals to implement targets and activities to achieve the outcomes stated. The SENCO and Inclusion Leader will liaise closely with the class teacher to assess and review the provision.
Regular discussion will take place to evaluate the impact of the interventions and a review date will be set with parents. Each review of the SEN/D personalised support plan/provision plan will be informed by the views of the pupil, parents/carers and class teacher and the assessment information provided by teachers will show whether expected progress is being made. For pupils with or without an Education Health and Care Plan there will be three reviews annually of the provision made for the child. If the child has an Education, Health Care Plan (EHCP), the local authority must review the plan annually. This will enable an evaluation of the effectiveness of the special provision. If, with the extra provision provided, the child makes expected progress, they may no longer need to be on the SEN/D register or require an EHCP. However, the child will still be monitored to ensure that progress continues and the child's needs are met.
High quality inclusive teaching, differentiated for individual pupils, is the first step in responding to pupils who have or may have SEN/D. Additional support and intervention cannot compensate for a lack of good quality teaching. Schools should regularly and carefully review the quality of teaching for all pupils, including those at risk of underachievement. This includes reviewing and where necessary, improving teachers' understanding of strategies to identify and support vulnerable pupils and their knowledge of the SEN most frequently encountered (SEND Code of Practice, 2015, 6.37).
At Garlinge Primary School and Nursery the quality of teaching is judged to be GOOD in our last Ofsted inspection www.reports.ofsted.gov.uk
We follow the Mainstream Core Standards developed by Kent County to ensure that our teaching conforms to best practice: www.kelsi.org.uk
At Garlinge Primary School and Nursery we follow the advice in the Mainstream Core Standards on how to adapt the curriculum and the learning environment for pupils with special educational needs. We also incorporate the advice provided as a result of assessments, both internal and external, and the strategies described in Education, Health and Care Plans.
As a Specialist Resourced Provision for children with Physical Impairments/Disabilities, Garlinge Primary School and Nursery ensures the best possible accessibility for our children who may need access to specialist equipment such as wheelchairs, walkers, trikes etc. This accessibility consists of appropriate care suite facilities, a full time Medical Welfare Officer, disability access at main entry and exits etc. This is regularly reviewed by the Governing body of the school and facilities maintained and/or updated as appropriate. The school adheres to the stipulations outlined in The Equality Act 2010: Section 6(Chapter 1)
As and where necessary, if an area of the school is identified as in need of improvement, this is met either through building improvements and maintenance; or by staff training.
As part of our budget we receive 'notional SEN funding'. This funding is used to ensure that the quality of teaching is good in the school. It is also used to provide additional and different provision for pupils requiring SEN support. The amount of support required for each pupil to make good progress will be different in each case and designed to meet the child's needs. In very few cases a very high level of resource is required. The funding arrangements require schools to provide up to £6,000 per year of resource for pupils with high needs. If resources go above £6,000, the school can apply for High Needs Funding from the Local Authority to ensure that the child's needs are met.
All clubs, trips and activities offered to pupils at Garlinge Primary School and Nursery are available to pupils with special educational needs either with or without a statement of special educational needs/Education, Health and Care Plan. Where it is necessary, the school will use the resources available to it to provide additional adult support to enable the safe participation of the pupil in the activity.
At Garlinge Primary School and Nursery, we understand that an important feature of the school is to enable all pupils to develop emotional resilience and social skills, both through direct teaching, for example, of Personal, Social and Health Education; circle time, Religious Education, and indirectly with every conversation adults have with pupils throughout the day. This starts from the moment children join Garlinge Primary School and Nursery, with emotional resilience forming a large part of the child initiated learning in reception class.
For some pupils with the most need in this area we also provide more bespoke support, such as 1:1 support or group work with the learning mentors, counselling with the school's Family Liaison Officer, and support from the Lighthouse Project, Project Salus or a referral to CHAPs (CAHMs).
The Additional Educational Needs Coordinator (SENCO) at Garlinge Primary School and Nursery is Sarah Ellis, who is a qualified teacher and is currently undertaking the National Award for SEN Co-ordination (NASENCo). Sarah Ellis is trained and experienced in all key areas of SEN and also holds the following qualifications: 2:1 B.A. (Hons) Degree; Post Graduate Certificate of Education; Post Graduate Certificate in Psychology; MA (Distinction) Special Educational Needs and Autism (Children).
Sarah Ellis is available on 01843 221877 (option 4) or firstname.lastname@example.org
Training needs of members of staff at Garlinge Primary School and Nursery are related to ensuring High Quality Inclusive Teaching and the needs of the children as well as new national curriculum developments. Sometimes members of staff receive specialist training to ensure provision can be met for our children with specific needs, such as Autism, speech, language and communication difficulties, and Social, emotional and mental health difficulties etc.
Where a training need is identified beyond this we will find a provider who is able to deliver it. Training providers we can approach are: Educational Psychology team; Specialist Teaching Services; Foreland Inclusion Support Services; Laleham Gap Outreach; St. Anthony's Outreach; CAT team; Health services (OT, Physio etc.).
Where external advisors recommend the use of equipment or facilities which the school does not have, the school will purchase it using the notional SEN/D funding, or seek it by loan. For highly specialist communication equipment the school will seek the advice from the KCC Communication and Assistive Technology team.
All parents with children at Garlinge Primary School and Nursery are invited to discuss the progress of their children on a number of occasions throughout the year and receive a written report once a year. Parent/carers are also invited to support their child with their continued learning at home. This could be helping with homework, hearing your child read, making fun ways to learn their spellings, completing extra reading on a topic etc. Parent/carers are also invited to help with school trips, curriculum events - such as information and support on the teaching and learning of maths. Coffee mornings and events organised by the schools family liaison officer as well as having the opportunity to become actively involved in the Parents, Teachers and Friends Association (PTFA) of the school at school events, such as Christmas and Summer fairs.
The arrangements for the treatment of complaints at Garlinge Primary School and Nursery are used for complaints about provision made for special educational needs. We encourage parents to discuss their concerns with: their child's class teacher; SENCO; Assistant Headteacher or the Headteacher to resolve the issue before making the complaint formal to the Chair of the governing body.
If the complaint is not resolved after it has been considered by the governing body, then a disagreement resolution service or mediation service can be contracted. If it remains unresolved after this, the complaint can appeal to the First-Tier Tribunal (Special Educational Needs and Disability), if the case refers to disability discrimination, or to the Secretary of State for all other cases.
There are some circumstances, usually for children who have an EHCP where there is a statutory right for parents to appeal against the decision of the Local Authority. Complaints which fall within this category cannot be investigated by the school.
The governing body has engaged with the following bodies:-
Kent Parent Partnership Service (KPPS) Information Advice and Support Kent (IASK) provides free, impartial, confidential, advice, support and options around educational issues for parents who have children with special educational needs or disabilities (0-19). They empower parents to play an active and informed role in their child's education. They can be contacted on
HELPLINE: 03000 41 3000
Independent Support Kent (ISK)
Tel: 0300 011 01 51
When moving to a new school, Garlinge Primary School and Nursery will ensure that they can provide a smooth transition. This includes informing the new school of current achievements, support that was in place and any other important information specific to the child. This is also the case for any child joining us from another school, where Garlinge will endeavour to gather as much information from the previous school as possible. The AENCo will attend a Transfer Day, meeting with the SENCOs of local secondary schools to pass on information about the children moving to their school at the end of Year 6. When more support is needed this is discussed in consultation with parent/carers to determine a plan of provision and support according to the child's needs.
If your child has an EHCP, at the Year 5 Annual Review meetings, transition to secondary school is discussed with the professional and parent/carers at the meeting in consultation with the young person involved.
The local authority's local offer is published on www.kent.gov.uk
Parents without internet access should make an appointment with the SENCO for support to gain the information they require.